The Neo-Assyrian Empire


The Neo-Assyrian Empire is best understood in continuity with its forebears in the Middle Assyrian period (1365-1031). The Neo-Assyrian kings considered themselves part of an unbroken line of kings stretching as far back as 1500 BC. Neo-Assyrian expansion relied upon an ideology of regaining Assyrian territory rather than one of conquest initially. Calendrical systems, inscriptional formulae, and the centrality of Ashur and its hinterland remained fundamental concepts after the period of decline between the Middle and Neo Assyrian empires. Thus the beginning of the Neo-Assyrian Empire is a time of reclaiming lost territory and reestablishing tribute and military presence throughout the central empire. After a period of consolidation the immense territorial expansion beginning with Tiglath-Pileser III in 744 BC would stretch across the entire Near East and even reach into Egypt during certain periods. Finally, stagnation and decline characterize the last decades of the empire as a coalition of Babylons and Medes brings about the final coup de grace.

The King List

King Reign
Ashur-dan II 934-912
Adad-nirari II 911-891
Tukulti-Ninurta II 890-884
Ashurnasirpal II 883-859
Shalmaneser III 858-824
Shamshi-Adad V 823-811
Adad-nirari III 810-783
Shalmaneser IV 782-773
Ashur-dan III 772-755
Ashur-nirari V 754-745
Tiglath-pileser III 744-727
Shalmaneser V 726-722
Sargon II 721-705
Sennacherib 704-681
Esarhaddon 680-669
Ashurbanipal 668-631 (or 627)
Ashur-etel-ilani 630 (or 626) – 623
Sin-shar-ishkun 622-612
Ashur-uballit II 611-609

1 According to Kuhrt, 351.

Historical Periods

neo-assyrian_empire.txt · Last modified: 2014/09/21 21:50 (external edit)
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