Directly linked to the Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative and born with it, cdli:wiki is now a collaborative project of members of the French CNRS team ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), and staff and students in the Faculty of Oriental Studies at the University of Oxford, with contributors in several different countries, involved in researches in history of the ancient Near East. In 2015-2019, the cdli:wiki has received funding by the Cluster (LabEx) Pasts in the Present through the project AssyrOnline: Digital Humanities and Assyriologie.
Adossé au programme international Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative et né avec lui, cdli:wiki est désormais un projet d’encyclopédie en ligne et d'outils de recherche assyriologique, qui fait collaborer des membres de l’équipe française du CNRS ArScAn-HAROC (Nanterre), et le staff et les étudiants de la Faculty of Oriental Studies de l'Université d'Oxford, avec les contributeurs dans plusieurs autres pays, engagés dans des recherches sur l'histoire du Proche-Orient ancien. En 2015-2019, le projet cdli:wiki a bénéficié d'un financement par le LabEx Les Passés dans le Présent dans le cadre du programme intitulé “AssyrOnline: Humanités numériques et assyriologie”.
Please note that the tools and main encyclopedic articles can be accessed through the menu on the left. Important tools such as lists of year names and eponyms are found under the section “Tools”, sub-section “Chronology & Dates”. Bibliographical ressources, such as Abbreviations for Assyriology, are found under “Bibliographical Tools”.
What is Assyriology?
Assyriology is the study of the languages, history, and culture of the people who used the ancient writing system called cuneiform. Cuneiform was used primarily in an area called the Near East, centred on Mesopotamia (modern Iraq and eastern Syria) where cuneiform was invented, but including the Northern Levant (Western Syria and Lebanon), parts of Anatolia, and western Iran. The sources for Assyriology are all archaeological, and include both inscribed and uninscribed objects. Most Assyriologists focus on the rich textual record from the ancient Near East, and specialise in either the study of language, literature, or history of the ancient Near East.
Assyriology began as an academic discipline with the recovery of the monuments of ancient Assyria, and the decipherment of cuneiform, in the middle of the 19th century. Large numbers of archaeological objects, including texts, were brought to museums in Europe and later the US, following the early excavations of Nineveh, Kalhu, Babylon, Girsu, Assur and so forth. Today Assyriology is studied in universities across the globe, both as an undergraduate and a graduate subject, and knowledge from the ancient Near East informs students of numerous other disciplines such as the History of Science, Archaeology, Classics, Biblical studies and more.
What’s new in cdli:wiki?
- Rulers of MesopotamiaRulers of Mesopotamia This section of cdli:wiki lists rulers within their dynasties, and give as far as possible lists of their regnal years. Each dynasty or section is introduced by a short discussion of the system of dating used and the reign of the ruler or dynasty.
- Geography of MesopotamiaReturn to Encylopedic Articles Geography of Mesopotamia Go here for the tool "Geographical Tools et Sites Descriptions", and here for a portfolio of geographical maps. Atouts et contraintes de milieux naturels diversifiés Peu de régions dans le monde ont vu leur milieu naturel influencer autant le cours de leur évolution historique. Les modes de vie en Mésopotamie et dans les régions voisines ont toujours dépendu de conditions naturelles contrastées qui, sur des terres en grande partie aride…
- Chronology & DatesChronology & Dates Ancient chronological methods Beginning in the Early Dynastic period ca. 2400 BC, Babylonian scribes began to qualify administrative and legal texts with notations clearly identifiable as date notations, consisting of all of some of the categories Ruler, Year of rule, Month of year, Day of month. From the Late Uruk period of the latter third of the 4th millennium BC on, these calendars combined knowledge of solar and lunar cycles to achieve an ideal administrative year of 36…
- Old Babylonian PeriodOld Babylonian Period * C. Mittermayer, Altbabylonische Zeichenliste der sumerisch-literarischen Texte (Göttingen 2006) * Go here for the CDLI version of Proto-Ea.